Since then, Turkey has argued that it is a developing country and that it has gained special circumstances that allow it to choose to provide funds. But it is still not possible to access climate money, a condition that President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has said must change if Turkey is to ratify the agreement. A new global agreement on climate change was reached on 12 December. The agreement is a balanced outcome, with an action plan to limit global warming to “well below” 2°C and to continue efforts to limit it to 1.5°C. Prior to the Paris Climate Change Conference, the EU submitted its National Contribution (INDC) to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The EU`s INDC expresses the EU`s commitment to the negotiation process for a new legally binding agreement on climate change to keep global warming below 2°C. It also confirmed the binding target of reducing national greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990, as set out in the European Council conclusions of October 2014. Since Mr Trump`s announcement, US envoys have continued to participate – as planned – in UN climate negotiations in order to shore up the details of the deal. Meanwhile, thousands of leaders across the country have stepped in to fill the void created by the lack of federal climate leadership, reflecting the will of the overwhelming majority of Americans who support the Paris Agreement. Among city and state officials, business leaders, universities, and individuals, there has been a wave of participation in initiatives such as America`s Pledge, the U.S. Climate Alliance, We Are Still In, and the American Cities Climate Challenge. Complementary and sometimes intersecting movements aim to deepen and accelerate efforts to combat climate change at local, regional and national levels.
Each of these efforts focuses on achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement, despite Trump`s attempts to steer the country in the opposite direction. In addition, the agreement establishes a new mechanism to “facilitate implementation and promote compliance.” This “non-adversarial” committee of experts will try to help countries that do not meet their commitments to get back on track. There is no penalty for non-compliance. When the agreement garnered enough signatures to cross the threshold on October 5, 2016, US President Barack Obama said: “Even if we achieve every goal. We will only reach part of where we need to go. He also said that “this agreement will help delay or avoid some of the worst consequences of climate change. It will help other nations reduce their emissions over time and set bolder targets as technology advances, all under a strong transparency system that will allow each nation to assess the progress of all other nations. `  The Paris Agreement provides for a number of binding procedural obligations. The parties undertake to “prepare, communicate and maintain” successive DDDs; “monitor national mitigation measures” to achieve their DDDs; and to report regularly on their emissions and progress in the implementation of their DNNs. The agreement also expects each party`s successive NDC “to represent progress” beyond the previous one and “reflect its highest possible ambitions.” The realization of part of its NDCs is not a legally binding obligation. . .